Neuron Systems

Cerebral Cortex Functions:
  • Thought
  • Voluntary movement
  • Language
  • Reasoning
  • Perception
  • The outer covering of the cerebral hemispheres consisting mostly of nerve cell bodies and branches; involved in functions such as thought, voluntary movement, language, reasoning, and perception.
    Cerebellum Functions:
  • Movement
  • Balance
  • Posture
  • The cerebellum involved in central regulation of movement, such as basic movement, balance, and posture.
    Brain Stem Functions:
  • Breathing
  • Heart Rate
  • Blood Pressure
  • Some of these areas responsible for the most basic functions such as breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure.
    Hypothalamus Functions:
  • Body Temperature
  • Emotions
  • Hunger
  • Thirst
  • Circadian Rhythms
  • The structure is involved in functions including homeostasis, emotion, thirst hunger, circadian rhythms, and control of the autonomic nervous system. In addition, it controls the pituitary.
    Thalamus Functions:
  • Sensory Processing
  • Movement
  • Limbic System Functions: Emotions The structure has sensory and motor functions. Almost all sensory information enters this structure where neurons send that information to the overlying cortex.
    Hippocampus Functions:
  • Learning
  • Memory
  • This part of the brain is important for learning and memory and for converting short term memory to more permanent memory, and for recalling spatial relationships in the world about us.
    Basal Ganglia Functions:
  • Movement
  • Group of structures which coordinate movement; located in the forebrain.
    Midbrain Functions:
  • Vision
  • Audition
  • Eye Movement
  • Body Movement
  • The midbrain involved in functions such as vision, hearing, eye movement, and body movement.